The Bushfire CRC’s mission is to enhance the management of the bushfire risk to the community in an economically and ecologically sustainable manner.
Ecosystem processes involve organisms and their interaction with the environment; together these determine the availability of water, rates of mineralisation, and energy flow through an environment. Organisms living in an ecosystem influence flow and quality of water; they are also responsible for energy flow in the environment, they provide pollination essential to many crop plants and influence soil fertility by controlling decomposition. Healthy ecosystems tend to be biodiverse with a high level of complexity in life forms. These ecosystems tend to be resilient to catastrophic events like floods and fire, recovering quickly when these events occur.
By processes like filtering water to remove pollutants and nutrients, reducing the impact of catastrophes, increasing soil fertility, providing pollination and reducing the impact of pests and diseases, biodiverse environments provide numerous ecosystem services. These services are essential for ongoing human life; without them it would be impossible to grow food, provide clean water, provide timber for shelter, and protect human populations from floods and landslides. Biodiverse environments also have an increasing role to play in storing carbon from emissions. Yet the role that biodiversity plays in sustaining life is often unrecognised by people, particularly from urban environments.